Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) also known as Jowar, is Indian millet, and a cereal grain plant of the grass family (Poaceae) It has numerous varieties viz. grain sorghums, for food; grass sorghums, for hay and fodder; and broomcorn, for brooms and brushes. Sorghum is high in carbohydrates, protein, calcium, iron, niacin, and low fat.
For the preparation of porridge, flatbreads, and cakes, the gluten-free grain is used, and in making edible oil, starch, dextrose (a sugar), paste, and alcoholic beverages, while the stalks are for fodder and building materials.
Sorghum crop has multi-applications such as food, fuel, feed, and fodder, besides industrial applications like packing, health, pharmaceutical diagnosis, synthesis of organic molecules, and utility items. It is also employed as feed to pets such as dogs, fish etc.